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Intracranial calcification treatment

Background and Purpose- Previous studies suggest that intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) volume might influence the clinical outcome of patients after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke. Importantly, ICAC can be subtyped into a medial or intimal pattern that may dif Background and Purpose— Previous studies suggest that intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) volume might influence the clinical outcome of patients after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke The calcification mask was generated as previously described 30 using a combination of thresholding (Otsu multilevel thresholding filter) for segmentation and boolean operations for subtraction of the calcification mask from the tissue mask. An unstructured triangular surface mesh was then generated for each component

Intracranial Carotid Artery Calcification and Effect of

It showed extensive calcification of intracranial structures, namely, cerebellum [Figure 1a], basal ganglia [Figure 1b], and cerebral hemisphere [Figure 1c]. We investigated him for possible causes of calcification, including full blood count, autoimmune profile, bone profile, urinary ceruloplasmin levels, parathyroid hormone levels, and USS of. Calcification patterns associated with vascular pathology such as AVM nidus, aneurysms, cavernoma and capillary talengictesia. Congenital infections Intracranial calcifications are common in patients with congenital infections, but their appearance is not specific because they reflect dystrophic calcifications similar to any chronic brain injury

SK7 Intracranial Calcifications. Intracranial calcifications are a common finding on plain film radiographs and on CT scans of the skull. Although most represent physiologic calcifications of limited clinical significance, more aggressive pathologies (e.g., tumor, infection, vascular disturbance) should be considered in the differential diagnosis Treatment Treatment options for atherosclerotic carotid artery disease include intracranial stent placement, medications, and surgery. Intracranial Stent Placement and Angioplasty Intracranial stent placement is an endovascular procedure done from the inside of the blood vessel Multiple intracranial calcifications. Dr Henry Knipe and Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard et al. Intracranial calcifications are common in certain locations and often are of no clinical concern. The two most commonly encountered types of calcification include: normal age-related intracranial calcifications. intracranial arterial atherosclerosis Since adequate treatment of hypoparathyroidism may lead to marked clinical improvement, this entity should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with seizures and extensive intracranial calcifications. Keywords: Computed tomography, idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, intracranial calcification, seizure

Free Online Library: Intracranial calcifications.(Clinical report) by Applied Radiology; Health, general Calcification Diagnosis Physiological aspects Research Calcification (Physiology) CAT scans Health aspects Usage Central nervous system diseases Care and treatment Patient outcomes Risk factors CT imaging Medical research Medicine, Experimental Tumor Intracranial calcification (ICC) is a common finding on neuroimaging in paediatric neurology practice. In approximately half of all cases the calcification occurs in damaged, neoplastic, or malformed brain. For the large number of other disorders in which ICC occurs, no common pathogenetic mechanism can be suggested Cerebral bypass surgery (ECA/MCA/STA bypass surgery): First, your doctor will remove a blood vessel from another part of your body. Then he or she will drill a small hole into your skull and surgically connect the new vessel in your brain so blood can flow around the clogged artery, bypassing it entirely Intracranial tumors with calcification. A variety of intracranial tumors exhibit different forms of calcification. Some lesions commonly show calcification while in some tumors, calcification is seen only in few number of cases. In this article these tumors are classified on the basis of frequency of calcification Materials and Methods. This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Thirty-eight patients (24 male, 14 female; mean age, 33 years ± 16 [standard deviation]) with intracranial calcifications and/or hemorrhages diagnosed on the basis of computed tomography (CT), MR imaging (interval between examinations, 1.78 days ± 1.31), and clinical information were selected

Calcification in Human Intracranial Aneurysms Is Highly

Diagnostic studies for Intracranial calcification. Treatment of Intracranial calcification. Continuing Medical Education (CME) CME Programs on Intracranial calcification. International Intracranial calcification en Espanol. Intracranial calcification en Francais. Business Intracranial calcification in the Marketplace. Patents on Intracranial. Other vascular-related causes of intracranial calcification include early atherosclerosis presentation (children with risk factors such as hyperhomocysteinemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, and others), healed hematoma, radiotherapy treatment, old infarct, and disorders of the microvasculature such as COL4A1- and COL4A2-related diseases Kidney stone treatments help break down calcium buildup in the kidneys. Your doctor may prescribe a diuretic called thiazide to help prevent future calcium kidney stones. This diuretic signals the..

Idiopathic intracranial calcificatio

  1. The volume of intracranial calcifications in the left and right and in symptomatic and asymptomatic internal carotid arteries was compared with a paired t test. The association between the volume of intracranial calcifications in the symptomatic internal carotid artery and the type of cerebral vascular disease was assessed with logistic.
  2. Two cases of dystrophic intracranial calcification due to arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are reported. The characteristic distribution is in the watershed areas and away from the AVM. Deposition of calcium on ischaemic brain tissues as a result of 'cerebral steal' by the AVM is the probable pathogenetic mechanism
  3. Diffuse intracranial calcification, deep medullary vein engorgement, and symmetric white matter involvement in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus Yin‐Xi Zhang , 1 Hong‐Fu Li , 1 Yang Zheng , 1 Lei Wu , 1 Zhi‐Ying Wu , 1 and Mei‐Ping Ding
  4. Intracranial calcification occurs in the brain parenchyma, meninges and choroid plexus, and within vessel walls [].Intracranial calcification can be categorized into six groups: physiological, infectious, congenital, endocrine/metabolic, vascular and neoplastic [].Notwithstanding its cause, intracranial calcification is often a nonspecific neuroimaging feature that generally requires.
  5. emorrhage and calcification are common pathologic components of many intracranial diseases. Reliable differentiation between hem-orrhages and calcifications is crucial for accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy optimization. For example, the presence of a hemorrhage may suggest a possible stroke, traumatic brain in
  6. e the natural history of intracranial calcifications in infants with treated congenital toxoplasmosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1982 and March 1994, cranial computed tomography was performed in 56 infants with treated congenital toxoplasmosis when they were newborns and approximately 1 year old
  7. To our TABLE 1. Gamut for Gyriform Intracranial Calcification 5. 1. Sturge-Weber syndrome 2. Purulent meningitis 3. Viral encephalitis 4. Treatment of central nervous system leukemia with irradia- 7 tion and intrathecal methotrexate 5. Cerebral infarction 6. Chemical or granulomatous meningitis associated with sub- 6 arachnoid fat 19 goid plate

Dr Balaji Anvekar FRCR: Intracranial calcification

  1. Intracranial calcifications seen on computed tomography (CT) are the most common finding in the everyday practice of neuroradiology, because noncontrast-enhanced CT of the head is the preferred imaging modality worldwide for the initial evaluation of patients with acute or chronic neurological problems
  2. To date, there is no specific treatment for primary brain calcification; the main goal is symptom management. Clinicians should make sure that the idiopathic/primary profile is accurately defined.
  3. It is important for the cardiac disease identifying its symptoms in its early stage that would help in getting proper treatment. The coronary artery calcification is a most common disease among the people. This disease has spread in around 50 % people of age 40 to 45 years that increases to 80% in people of age 60 to 80 years
  4. Intracranial internal carotid artery calcification is associated with cerebrovascular risk factors and stroke, but few quantification methods are available. We tested the reliability of visual scoring, semiautomated Agatston score, and calcium volume measurement in patients with recent stroke
  5. ation findings, pathology results, and location of the calcifications of six patients with intracranial calcifications. Results Three of the.
  6. Computerised tomography scans of the brain have been performed on 5 children who have survived at least 5 years after treatment with surgery and radiotherapy for medulloblastoma. Intracranial calcification of varying degrees of the basal ganglia and of the frontal and parietal cortex was detected in the 3 children who were irradiated under age 5 years
  7. ished or resolved in 30 (75%) and remained stable in 10 (25%) of these treated infants

Brain Calcification - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is an effective treatment for patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by a large vessel occlusion. The pattern and quantity of intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) may influence the effectiveness of EVT and functional outcome A recent study with 18 patients with intracranial atherosclerosis has shown superior performance of high-resolution CT angiography over 2D-DSA and 3D-rotational angiography in characterization of plaque morphology (such as ulceration, calcification, dissection of the plaque, and core protrusion into the vessel lumen)

The intracranial calcification appears to be associated with impaired intellectual function and behavioural alteration. Case 1, with the most extensive calcification, has minor seizures, an abnormal electroencephalogram, and hyperactive behaviour, as did the patient described by Leeand Suh.17 These findings suggest that intracranial calcifica Congenital infection-like syndrome includes multiple disorders. Although novel syndromes have recently been described and their genetic defects identified, many cases remain unclassified. Here we report a patient with neuroradiologic findings of intracranial calcification and cerebellar hypoplasia, and clinical features of growth retardation. The severity of intracranial calcification was related to the time before initiation of treatment and inversely to mental ability. Brain damage and mental retardation in NDI may be caused by a delay in initiating treatment; early detection and treatment are important to prevent brain damage

Intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) is a known risk factor for stroke in African American and Asian populations. Although it may also be a potentially important cause of stroke in white populations, previous research has not addressed this association. The goal of this study by Ikram and colleagues was to examine the association. PURPOSE: To determine the natural history of intracranial calcifications in infants with treated congenital toxoplasmosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1982 and March 1994, cranial computed tomography was performed in 56 infants with treated congenital toxoplasmosis when they were newborns and approximately 1 year old. Locations and sizes of intracranial calcifications were noted. The severity of intracranial calcification was related to the time before initiation of treatment and inversely to mental ability. Brain damage and mental retardation in N D I may be caused by a delay in initiating treatment; early detection and treatment are important to prevent brain damage The aim of this research study was to determine the role of 18F-sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) PET/CT imaging in the assessment of physiologic molecular calcification in the intracranial structures. We also examined the association of 18F-NaF accumulation with age as well as Hounsfield unit (HU) in certain anatomic sites that are known to calcify with normal aging

DISCUSSION. Intracranial calcifications in pediatric neuroimaging most often hint to a damaged, neoplastic, or malformed brain [] as physiologic calcifications are almost never seen under 6 years of age [].Identification of characteristic patterns of calcification allows a diagnosis to be made in many cases [].Overall, half of all cases of focal calcification occur in neoplastic brain tissue 3.5. Intracranial Calcification Quantification. We assessed and quantified intracranial calcification of seven main vessels (bilateral internal carotid artery C2-C7 segments, bilateral middle cerebral artery, bilateral vertebral artery V4 segments, and basilar artery), shown by baseline CT scan before intravenous thrombolysis BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Calcification of the intracranial vasculature is an independent risk factor for stroke. The relationship between luminal stenosis and calcium burden in the intracranial circulation is incompletely understood. We evaluated the relationship between atherosclerotic calcification and luminal stenosis in the intracranial ICAs

Intracranial calcifications are seen caused by vasculitis in which calcium is deposited around small affected blood vessels. Children with higher viral loads show more calcifications. White matter abnormality is seen as decrease in attenuation of computed tomography (CT) and increased T2 signal on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging ( Fig. 2 A, B) ß 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 146A:2929 - 2936 (2008) Clinical Report Microcephaly, Malformation of Brain Development and Intracranial Calcification in Sibs: Pseudo-TORCH or a New Syndrome Ghada M.H. Abdel-Salam,1* Maha S. Zaki,1 Sahar N. Saleem,2 and Khaled R. Gaber3 1 Clinical Genetics Department, Human Genetics and Genome Research Division, National. Intracranial teratomas are uncommon intracranial neoplasms, which can have a bewildering variety of components and thus a wide range of appearances.They can be divided into two broad categories, intra-and extra-axial, which differ in epidemiology and clinical presentation. Another method of classifying an intracranial teratoma is as mature, immature and mature with malignant transformation

Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease Michigan Medicin

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been well reported in the treatment of certain calcified intracranial lesions such as meningiomas. However, reduction in the calcified portion of the tumour after SRS treatment has not been reported. We present the case of a 76-year-old man with a right petroclival lesion consistent on imaging with a calcified meningioma. The lesion progressed on serial. Intracranial Calcification Lauren Misquita 1, Claire Mason 2, Diego Ottaviani 1, Initial treatment was with intravenous calcium gluconate followed by oral sandocal and alfacalcidol. At 4-month follow-up, she denied any hand spasms or paraesthesia and had been seizure-free. There were no signs of neuromuscular excitability, and she reported. The differential diagnosis for intracranial calcifications is broad. for six months.7 Treatment is not typically indicated for mild or asymptomatic infections with isolated sensorineural.

Intracranial calcification can be physiological or pathological, often due to mineral (e.g. calcium) or metal (e.g. iron) deposition in the blood vessels, glands, cortices or other structures within the brain. CT is the most sensitive means of detecting intracranial calcifications BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Calcification of the intracranial vasculature is an independent risk factor for stroke. The relationship between luminal stenosis and calcium burden in the intracranial circulation is incompletely understood. We evaluated the relationship between atherosclerotic calcification and luminal stenosis in the intracranial ICAs VOL. 122, No. 3 Intracranial Calcifications inChildhood 501 causing intracranial calcifications. We found calcifications in many instances (Tables ii and III). Teaching filesand per-sonal collections could probably add asig-nificant number ofvarying etiologies but most would betheresult ofavery unusual inflammatory disease (or infestation) The volume of intracranial calcifications in the left and right and in symptomatic and asymptomatic internal carotid arteries was compared with a paired t test. The association between the volume of intracranial calcifications in the symptomatic internal carotid artery and the type of cerebral vascular disease was assessed with logistic.

Intracranial ICA calcification was present in 280 patients (89.2%), vertebrobasilar artery calcification was present in 116 patients (36.9%), and middle cerebral artery calcification was present in six patients (1.9%) Brain calcification may be associated with a stroke. A course of treatment for a patient is generally developed based on his or her specific symptoms. Drug therapy may be prescribed for symptoms such as anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive behavior, and mental disorders. Anti-epileptic drugs may be prescribed to control occurrence of seizures

treatment with reduced dose is a treatment options. When combined modality treatment is used, volume should cover at least ventricles. • See also Rogers et al. Lancet Oncol 2005. - Individual patient data meta-analysis - Compared recurrence rates using WB/WVRT versus CSI in localized germinoma. - Found there was no notable increased risk o Calcification can be the body's protective response to injury, as well as natural inflammatory reaction to infection, trauma, or autoimmune disorders. Calcification - Symptoms, Causes, Treatments Calcification Information Including Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Causes, Videos, Forums, and local community support What is Intracranial Hypotension? Intracranial hypotension can be defined as a medical condition, in which the pressure within the brain cavity is negative. In the majority of the cases, the intracranial hypotension has a spontaneous onset, leading to an alteration in the balance of intracranial blood, cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissue

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medulloblastoma is one of the most common posterior fossa tumors to occur in children. Our purpose was to document the frequency, location, and time of occurrence of intracranial calcifications in cranial CT studies of children with medulloblastoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed cranial CT studies of 56 patients diagnosed with medulloblastoma from 1983 through. Intracranial calcification has physiological or pathological underlying causes. Common age-related and physiologic patterns are calcifications of the pineal gland, habenula, choroid plexus, falx, dura mater, intracranial artery atherosclerosis and giant arachnoid granulation. Congenital disorders such as tuberou Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 1 July 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 1 July 2021), ASHP (updated 30 June. Vascular Calcification Treatment and Prevention. Doctors treat plaque-clogged blood vessels in a variety of ways, including vascular surgery and medicine.. Lifestyle changes — quitting smoking, eating healthier foods, and starting to exercise — can decrease the chances of plaque and calcifications forming This calcification occurs in approximately 2-8% of cases typically at least 8 months after treatment [2, 3, 6, 12, 33]. We found calcifications in 0.84% of patients with lymphoma before treatment, most commonly in the mediastinum, and in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Background: Intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) on computed tomography (CT) is a marker of atherosclerosis and an independent predictor of vascular events including stroke. While vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) are used to prevent embolic stroke, they have been shown to increase levels of both coronary and extracoronary artery calcification Introduction . Intracranial atherosclerosis is responsible for a substantial proportion of strokes worldwide but its detailed morphology in the vertebrobasilar arteries (VBA) is unknown. Subject and Methods . Cases with ischemic strokes were retrospectively sought from the hospital database. Native CT scans were assessed for vessel area and intracranial artery calcifications (ICACs) in VBA

Multiple intracranial calcifications Radiology Reference

Chapter 25 Recognizing Some Common Causes of Intracranial Pathology. Advances in neuroimaging have had a remarkable impact on the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic diseases ranging from earlier detection and treatment of stroke to a more timely diagnosis of dementia, from the rapid detection and treatment of cerebral aneurysms to the. Background and objectives: Intracranial artery calcification (IAC) is frequently observed on brain computed tomography (CT) scans in stroke patients. This retrospective study was designed to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical relevance of IAC in a cohort of patients with ischemic stroke. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: We included all eligible patients admitted. simplex virus). Calcifications in patients infected with toxoplasmosis may resolve after treatment.[3,2,11] The intracranial calcifications patterns in acquired infections, although not specific are extremely useful in making the correct diagnosis and evaluating disease progression

Extensive intracranial calcifications on computerized

Basal ganglia calcification is a very rare condition that happens when calcium builds up in your brain, usually in the basal ganglia, the part of your brain that helps control movement. Other. Intracranial Carotid Artery Calcification and Effect of Endovascular Stroke Treatment Publication Publication. Stroke, Volume 49 - Issue 12 p. 2961- 296 There have been few studies about the association between intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) and acute ischemic stroke (AIS) prognosis after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We aimed to analyze the association between ICAC and prognosis (including symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), functional outcome and death) of AIS patients treated with IVT Diffuse intracranial calcification, deep medullary vein engorgement, and symmetric white matter involvement in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic relapsing‐remitting autoimmune disease with multiple autoantibodies causing damage to different target organs

Increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP) — Diagnosis andVirtualMedStudent

Intracranial calcifications

It can therefore be surmised that an individual patient's clinical sequelae is independent to the density of the intracranial calcification and more related to the biochemical hypocalcaemia itself. Intravenous calcium replacement is the mainstay of treatment in patients with severe symptomatic hypocalcaemia Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the perioperative complications, obliteration rates, discharge dispositions, clinic-radiological outcomes, and the role of calcification between the microsurgical and endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms.Materials and Methods: Retrospective data of the patients treated with microsurgical clipping and those treated by.

Widespread Intracranial Calcification, Seizures and

Intracranial calcification in childhood: a review of

Introduction There is no consensus on the optimal treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) large vessel occlusions (LVOs) or near-occlusions with underlying intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS). We report the first American series using intra-arterial (IA) glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) as a stand-alone revascularization technique for ICAS presenting with large vessel. An intracranial hematoma is a collection of blood within the skull. It's most commonly caused by the rupture of a blood vessel within the brain or from trauma such as a car accident or fall. The blood collection can be within the brain tissue or underneath the skull, pressing on the brain Keywords Congenital toxoplasmosis, prenatal treatment, intracranial calcification, retino- choroiditis Accepted 24 May 2001 The aim of prenatal treatment for infection with Toxoplasma age in 33% (28/85) of congenitally infected children followed in gondii is to prevent neurological or visual impairment in infected three population-based cohort. Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC), also known as familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (FIBGC) and Fahr's disease, is a rare, genetically dominant, inherited neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in areas of the brain that control movement. Through the use of CT scans, calcifications are seen primarily in the basal ganglia and in other areas. These intracranial atherosclerotic disease symptoms require immediate medical help: A severe headache (with no known cause) Vision difficulties. Slurred speech. Swallowing problems. Numbness or weakness, often on only one side of the face or body. Balance and coordination issues. Confusion or dizziness. Loss of consciousness

Intracranial Atherosclerosis Symptoms & Treatment Aurora

Various sources of research on Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus-Intracranial Calcification Syndrome. Financial Resources. Information about disability benefits from the Social Security Administration. Always check with a qualified professional for healthcare information, treatment advice and/or diagnosis While each infection is distinct, there are many similarities in how these infections present. It is important to consider TORCH infections whenever a neonate presents with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), microcephaly, intracranial calcifications, conjunctivitis, hearing loss, rash, hepatosplenomegaly, or thrombocytopenia NIH GARD Information: Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus-intracranial calcification-facial dysmorphism syndrome. This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) Calcification is the accumulation of calcium salts in a body tissue.It normally occurs in the formation of bone, but calcium can be deposited abnormally in soft tissue, causing it to harden. Calcifications may be classified on whether there is mineral balance or not, and the location of the calcification. Calcification may also refer to the processes of normal mineral deposition in biological.

Intracranial tumors with calcification Radiology

Intracranial calcified arteries are encountered in approximately 85% of patients with acute ischemic stroke. 1 Intra-arterial calcification is usually accompanied by coronary atherosclerosis, and is frequently observed in the intracranial arteries. 2, 3 Recent studies have indicated that intracranial arterial calcification (IAC) is associated. METHODS: Patients with acute MCA trunk occlusion, who underwent intravenous and/or intra-arterial revascularization treatment, were enrolled. Intracranial artery calcification scores were calculated by counting calcified intracranial arteries among major seven arteries on computed tomographic angiography

Intracranial Calcifications and Hemorrhages

Introduction. Calcification of the intracranial internal carotid artery (iICA) on Computed Tomography (CT) is an independent predictor of stroke in the general white population and was associated with 75% of all stroke in the Rotterdam study.[] Calcifications of the iICA, commonly referred to as the carotid siphon due to the tortuous shape, have also been associated with lacunar infarctions[2. On radiological examination, plain skull radiography showed only bone destruction and calcifications. Before 1980, angiography was used to evaluate the intracranial extension. Skull CT with intravenous contrast also disclosed bone destruction and calcification with more detailed demarcation of the tumour extension

PPT - PRIMARY INTRACRANIAL NEOPLASMS PowerPointCalcified Neurocysticercosis Lesions Trigger Symptomatic

Coronary Calcification Treatment Options Temple Healt

PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus-intracranial calcification-facial dysmorphism syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic Atherosclerosis Definition Atherosclerosis is the build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels. In Greek, athere means gruel, and skleros means hard. Atherosclerosis is often called arteriosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis (from the Greek arteria, meaning artery) is a general term for hardening of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis can occur in.

Conventional and high-resolution vessel wall MRI of

Treatment with 1 epidural blood patch is often successful, with large-volume blood patches giving better outcomes. Meaning A diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension should not be excluded based on the absence of one of its typical features; large epidural blood patches should be attempted if conservative treatment has failed Intracranial calcifications in childhood: Part 2. Fabricio Guimarães Gonçalves, Luca Caschera, Sara Reis Teixeira, Angela Nicole Viaene, Lorenzo Pinelli, Kshitij Mankad, César Augusto Pinheiro Ferreira Alves, Xilma Rosa Ortiz-Gonzalez, Savvas Andronikou, Arastoo Vossough Patients with predominantly medial calcification had better functional outcome with EVT than without this treatment (adjusted common odds ratio, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.23-4.39), but we observed no effect of EVT in patients with predominantly intimal calcifications (adjusted common odds ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.40-1.68) Physiological intracranial calcification occurs in about 0.3-1.5% of cases. It is asymptomatic and detected incidentally by neuroimaging. Pathological basal ganglia calcification is due to various causes, such as: metabolic disorders, infectious and genetic diseases